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Textbooks and educational development (英语)

A lesson that can be drawn from a discussion on textbooks and educational development is that in designing a textbook project, it is important to take into consideration the resource availability, curriculum requirements, the levels of teacher professionalism, and the availability and utilization of textbooks and other instructional materials. Once minimum teacher training, basic instructional materials, and basic disciplines and supervision structures have been put in place, some diversity in instructional techniques can be introduced. Textbooks and teachers' guides are the essential instruments to help teachers overcome their uncertainty and become more confident in their subject mastery and classroom management. At this point the teachers can be given more latitude to adapt syllabi to accommodate the diverse needs of pupils. At this stage there is also a growing demand for more diversified instructional materials and textbooks. To maximize the contribution textbooks can make in the improvement of instructional quality, they must be designed to fit the specific conditions prevailing in each country. Fortunately, textbooks represent a highly flexible educational technology and they can be adapted to fit the financial possibilities and instructional needs of countries at different levels of development.