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Investing in health care for China’s rural poor (汉语)

This Results Profile talks about investing in health care for China’s rural poor. Despite China’s impressive progress in raising health standards in the 1960s and 1970s, a health divide emerged in the 1980s between poor rural areas and rich urban regions. Infant mortality rates were three times higher in rural areas and maternal mortality rates were twice as high. The problems in rural healthcare resulted from a decline in government support for public health programs, a top-down approach to health planning, and a lack of coordination between various health system levels. In the late 1990s, China, with support from the World Bank and other development partners, undertook to improve basic health services and increase healthcare accessibility for an estimated 47 million people living in poor rural areas through the Eighth Basic Health Project. The Project was set out to help China strengthen its rural health sector by upgrading rural health facilities, improving the quality and effectiveness of health service programs, and increasing the affordability of essential health care for the poor. With improved prenatal care and increased hospital delivery, maternal and infant mortality rates were nearly halved in project areas and health service utilization increased considerably among the rural poor.


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  • 文件名称

    Investing in health care for China’s rural poor

  • 关键词

    Health Service;financial support from development partner;maternal and child health care;infant mortality rate;cost of service;analysis of gender issues;rural area;Prenatal Care;rural health;Rural Poor;health resource;equality of access;public health service;national health policies;fee for service;public health programs;maternal mortality rate;health service utilization;health information system;essential health care;cost control;service accessibility;primary care;health standards;urban region;government support;rural community;Health Promotion;remote area;safe delivery;community financing;gender equity;Capital Investments;health expenditure;rural resident;risk sharing;universal coverage;health interventions;Reproductive Health;hepatitis b;vaccination coverage;tuberculosis control;Child Mortality;enrollment increase;national implementation;medical equipment;medical expense;national policy;