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Photovoltaic applications in rural areas of the developing world (英语)

Concurrently with the falling costs of photovoltaic (PV) systems, experience grows in their practical use in the developing world, which currently provides increased electrical services in rural, and peri-urban areas in many developing countries. However, the limitations, and problems of PV technology is prevalent, and programs for its dissemination need to be based on economic, and technical certainty. This report examines the rural energy context within which PV programs must fit. The first chapter reviews the present position of PV technology, and briefly describes the kits, and systems commercially available for use in the rural areas of the developing world. The second chapter examines the rural energy background, describing how people manage to meet their energy needs, across the areas that remain untouched by conventional rural electrification programs. The fourth chapter looks at the potential niches for PVs, and how they compare in cost, and level of service with their competition. A brief review of PV experience, and the lessons learned is given in the fifth chapter, and, the final chapter looks at the role of governments, and funding agencies. The report provides the necessary background information, and, highlights the questions to be asked, and the calculations to be made whenever PV applications are considered in the developing world.


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    Photovoltaic applications in rural areas of the developing world

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    vaccine refrigeration;protection can;battery charge;conventional rural electrification;Solar Home System;repair and maintenance;amount of electricity;car battery;economies of scale;quantity of water;rural energy planning;battery storage capacity;security and reliability;output of electricity;lack of competition;high import duties;national power utility;choice of service;continuity of supply;amount of power;water pumping system;united nations agency;renewable energy system;amount of water;internationally accepted standards;power loss;small seasonal variation;degree of sophistication;labor and materials;electronic charge controller;electronic load controller;volume of water;level of performance;water supply source;cost of transport;average ambient temperature;primary health care;cost and performance;performance of equipment;sustainable energy development;technical assistance program;dry cell battery;sustainable energy practice;rural area;power station;solar batteries;crystalline cell;commercial market;Funding agencies;distilled water;alternating current;battery life;