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Establishing integrated solid waste management in the large cities of Pakistan Multan : comprehensive scope evaluation report (英语)

Solid waste management (SWM) is a major environment and health hazard in the urban areas of Pakistan. The World Bank is of the opinion that as cities economies are fast growing, business activity and consumption patterns are driving up solid waste quantities. In Pakistan the collection of waste is sporadic and the disposal is poor. Despite the fact that solid waste services represent the single largest expenditure item, less than 50 percent of the waste generated is collected; and even then it is disposed at dumpsites or roadsides since there is hardly any single sanitary landfill in Pakistan. The World Bank has been supporting the SWM agenda by financing analytical studies and formulating policies in Punjab, replicable to other provinces. The studies also pointed out needs and opportunities for the reduction and reuse of the waste by recycling and composting; and presented replicable local practices and opportunities for involving the private sector in various stages and segments of the SWM system. The report follows on from the inception report in September 2009 that summarized preliminary findings from the initial data gathering, research and the meetings held with key officials within and outside government during the inception phase of the assignment. This report further expands on the initial findings and provides a detailed situational analysis together with identification of gaps in the present ISWM system in Multan.


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    Establishing integrated solid waste management in the large cities of Pakistan Multan : comprehensive scope evaluation report

  • 关键词

    computer operator;lorry driver;solid waste management policy;Solid Waste Management Policies;construction and demolition waste;Federally Administered Tribal Areas;Environmental and Social Impact;solid waste management system;disposal of waste;local government system;solid waste service;blockage of drain;provision of service;collection of waste;waste management investments;lines of communication;financial management process;solid waste collection;source of income;source income;replacement of asset;household hazardous waste;cost recovery mechanism;implementation of policies;line of accountability;farm water management;quantity of waste;devolution of power;long term investment;allocation of expenditure;urban population growth;adverse environmental effect;hazardous waste volume;adverse health impact;waste disposal site;private sector activity;waste treatment facility;solid waste handling;lack of awareness;removal of waste;comprehensive waste management;Performance and Accountability;sanitary landfill site;health hazard;organizational structure;primary collection;secondary collection;special waste;job description;commercial waste;hospital waste;data gathering;disposal point;street sweeping;