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Impact of power sector reforms on international electricity trade (英语)

Development of international electricity trade will be a direct consequence of the ongoing and worldwide power sector restructuring efforts. Vertical unbundling liberates the distribution function from tied production and unlocks the transmission bottlenecks. International trade of electricity between countries is not new. The search for better reliability, reduced production costs, and improved quality of service were the driving forces for the interconnection of small independent systems. In this context the accumulated successful experiences fostered further development of many regional and international interconnections. The challenges facing today's electric utilities are greater than ever. Unbundling of functional activities and the search for better efficiency in technical and managerial operations for heightened competition, present new opportunities and a whole set of obstacles and risks. The World Bank has been actively promoting a reform agenda in the power sector. The objectives of reform vary by country, but typically include improvements to the efficiency of the power sector, and an increase in its ability to fund expansion without recourse to the government budget. The main conclusions from this study fall into six categories: industry structure; bulk supply pricing; privatization; transmission pricing; regulation; and other.

详细

  • 文件日期

    1996/03/01

  • 文件类型

    ESMAP(能源部门管理协助计划)文件

  • 报告号

    48175

  • 卷号

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • 国家

    世界,

  • 地区

    世界区域,

  • 发布日期

    2021/06/13

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • 文件名称

    Impact of power sector reforms on international electricity trade

  • 关键词

    conflict of interest due;opportunity cost of water;power sector reform;electricity trade;transmission and distribution;long term contract;third party access;volume of trade;wholesale electricity market;transmission pricing;spot market;competitive wholesale market;competition in generation;marginal cost base;horizontal separation;short term trade;Electricite de France;pattern of trade;expansion of capacity;cost of transmission;share of import;share of trade;South East;economies of scale;industrial electricity price;sale of electricity;competitive power market;gas and electricity;per capita income;development of competition;high voltage transmission;subject to regulation;degree of transparency;bulk power price;electricity supply industry;regional electricity company;reliability of supply;amounts of energy;power sector restructuring;liberalization of trade;distribution of revenue;long term concession;supply of energy;tariffs for transmission;economics of scale;transport of electricity;average market price;operations and maintenance;pooling arrangement;distribution company;industry structure;large generator;technical standard;International Trade;transmission company;market power;pool price;transmission network;marginal price;public ownership;unit price;electric utilities;open access;bulk electricity;capacity payment;cost generation;generation market;internal transfer;pricing system;transmission access;energy charge;trading arrangement;spot transaction;vertical integration;bilateral contract;transmission constraint;grid owner;spot price;production cost;reference price;transmission bottleneck;separate account;municipal utility;effective competition;settlement system;generation capacity;average price;price differential;regional network;management structure;private ownership;trade price;trading partner;unilateral reform;energy price;international agreement;international transit;emergency energy;technical feasibility;market base;electricity industry;economic rent;electrical energy;kv line;transmission entity;trade structure;authorisation system;trade pattern;capacity expansion;geographical position;price structure;contract enforcement;trade contract;industry restructuring;cost advantage;transmission service;dispatch decision;water availability;offer price;price bid;coal plant;transmission investment;market place;power pool;government support;internal transaction;electrical interconnection;domestic price;competition authority;export contracts;formal transfer;concession area;special requirements;energy supplies;generator dispatch;competitive bid;e-mail system;pricing regime;contractual relationship;competing suppliers;hydro station;variable cost;hydro resources;price advantage;hydrological condition;installed capacity;european commission;production plants;exporting country;selling price;trade activity;cross-border trade;regional monopoly;price difference;transmission cost;avoided costs;central planning;government approval;negotiating power;regulatory regime;large reservoir;thermal plant;open market;bilateral exchanges;wholesale privatization;contract market;electricity law;regional interconnection;reform package;synchronous connection;electricity pool;technical cooperation;private company;input price;international coordination;contractual issue;transparent regulation;bilateral trade;generation price;sector structure;private finance;grid operator;surplus capacity;contractual agreement;grid companies;power distributor;equal access;small reservoir;power producer;transmission business;access right;potential investor;uniform price;voltage network;revenue regulation;electricity sale;regional transmission;political pressure;energy payment;electricity coverage;generation efficiency;driving force;arbitration procedure;competitive market;market trade;geographical area;electricity sector;trade issue;generation system;price setting;energy pricing;price system;retail price;industrial restructuring;transmission capacity;transmission price

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