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China 2030 : building a modern, harmonious, and creative society (英语)

This overview, followed by five supporting reports, identifies these challenges of tomorrow, points to key choices ahead, and recommends not just ‘what’ needs to be reformed, but ‘how’ to undertake the reforms. The overview is divided into nine chapters. The first chapter examines the characteristics of China’s development since 1978; considers future opportunities, challenges, and risks; and describes a vision of China in the year 2030. The second chapter maps a new strategy that will realize this vision, focusing on the key choices ahead for China to sustain rapid economic and social development and become a modern, harmonious, and creative high-income society before 2030. Chapter’s three to eight elaborate on each of the six pillars of the new strategy: consolidating China’s market foundations; enhancing innovation; promoting green development; ensuring equality of opportunity and social protection for all; strengthening public finances; and achieving mutually beneficial win-win relations between China and the rest of the world. The ninth and final chapter addresses implementation challenges, including the sequencing of reforms and overcoming obstacles that are likely to emerge.


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  • 文件名称

    China 2030 : building a modern, harmonious, and creative society

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    local development;general agreement on tariffs and trade;millennium development goal;green development;Incremental Capital-Output Ratio;labor force participation rate;impact of climate change;Financial Sector;global economy;efficiency of resource use;equality of opportunity;Policy and Institutional Framework;public expenditure on education;multilateral agreement on investment;food and agriculture organization;efficiency of land use;small and medium enterprise;Technical and Vocational Education;innovation input;co2 emission;primary health care;Early Childhood Development;quality of growth;per capita income;Early childhood education;voluntary export restraint;share of children;pace of innovation;fiscal system;renewable energy resource;children under age;prevalence of overweight;natural resource degradation;social insurance contribution;wind power technology;global financial crisis;central government department;social security system;foreign direct investment;environmental protection expenditure;academic high school;junior high school;working age population;access to job;capital output ratio;labor supply growth;formal sector worker;rural labor force;urban labor market;labor market institution;deposit insurance scheme;regional trading arrangements;purchasing power parity;additional fiscal resource;financial sector reform;segments of society;social and environmental;global financial system;state asset management;state financial institution;conditional cash transfer;multilateral trade negotiation;global public good;flow of idea;returns to capital;enterprise sector reform;total factor productivity;social security instrument;value added tax;Social Safety Nets;quality public service;number of patents;banking sector asset;subnational government finance;climate change mitigation;portable social security;global financial stability;economies of scale;tertiary education institution;Merger and Acquisitions;gross national income;consumer price index;barrier to entry;corporate governance practice;high-tech industry;lack of competition;environmental protection industry;national energy;Natural Resource Management;climate change issue;tertiary education system;fossil fuel subsidy;industrial enterprise;capital account liberalization;competition in service;expenditure responsibility;human capital;minimum wage;advanced country;Social Protection;green growth;international expert;increased competition;rising inequality;social spending;mutual respect;global governance;reform priorities;technology frontier;Public Goods;pension coverage;active labor;government revenue;land policy;land policies;enterprise size;energy intensities;energy intensity;carbon emission;basic security;Emerging economies;employment rate;state enterprises;rural land;rural area;industrial good;emerging economy;Industrial Goods;trade surplus;market-oriented reforms;long-term care;cross-border trade;medium-term development;field visits;promoting equality;public servant;nonperforming loan;carbon capture;aging society;public support;consumer behavior;reform process;external imbalance;consultation process;urban population;biodiversity areas;international aid;carbon dioxide;significant challenge;short-term problem;cross-country comparison;equal partner;strategic framework;climate policy;encouraging innovation;frictional unemployment;water pollution;increased investment;Equal Opportunity;open regionalism;container port;global market;nitrous oxide;global emission;policy shift;social stability;employment policy;Employment Policies;private enterprise;Fiscal Sustainability;Macroeconomic Stability;Clean Energy;Fiscal Reform;budgetary resource;reserve currency;government expenditure;income equality;adequate financing;additional revenue;Social organizations;sulphur dioxide;urban development;reform elements;Reserve currencies;land institutions;land valuation;multilateral institution;fiscal policy;Fiscal policies;sea-level rise;pension benefit;replacement rate;pension system;field study