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Making identification systems work for the bottom 40 percent (英语)

Over 150 countries maintain mandatory civil registration systems. The number and variety of registration and identification systems has increased with the rise of the Internet (World Bank 2015). The functionality of these systems has also expanded over this time period, with delivery mechanisms for services and benefits increasingly tied to registration. Attracted by the promise of new technology, countries and development partners alike have invested heavily in identification systems, in terms of both development dollars and strategy. Regarding strategy, identification systems have found their way onto no less preeminent a platform than the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals, which include the proposed target, ‘by 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration,’ under the broader goal of peaceful and inclusive societies. This article will explore the prospects, challenges and risks of pinning inclusive development outcomes on identification systems. Much of the current discourse on identification- and registry- related issues3 is framed from a state-centered perspective; that is, improving the functioning of government agencies and enhancing the collection of data for planning and policy. The authors suggest complementing this with a stronger focus on the impacts of identification systems on the poorest and most marginalized. In many circumstances, identification systems risk not serving the development needs of such people. In developing global and country-specific identification strategies, there is a need to more clearly and critically articulate the implied benefits, costs and risks of alternative approaches.


  • 作者

    Brewer,Megan Frances, Menzies,Nicholas, Schott,Jared Matthew

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  • 文件名称

    Making identification systems work for the bottom 40 percent

  • 关键词

    convention on the rights of the child;lack of access to education;birth registration;provision of health service;data collection and analysis;Justice for the Poor;Identification for Development;registration of birth;global human rights;birth certificate;access to health;potential for harm;authorized third party;trust between citizens;civil registration systems;universal birth registration;risk of exclusion;minority ethnic group;mother to child;indigenous law;building state capacity;domestic migrant workers;remote rural area;identification system;registry system;essential services;inclusive development;documentation systems;vulnerable population;social security;development partner;legal framework;personal information;risk analysis;global development;registry data;Social Protection;South East;delivery process;vital statistic;mitigation strategy;