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India - Bihar social and environmental analysis : concept note (英语)

India's strong economic record since the 1980's has been associated with a significant reduction of poverty levels and important socio-economic gains, including increases in literacy and life expectancy. The state of Bihar has been identified as a region that calls for priority attention. Bihar is the poorest state in India and faces some of the most adverse economic and social conditions in the country. The rest of the concept note provides the context in which the Bihar Social and Environmental Analysis (BSEA) will be prepared, focusing on economic and governance issues. The note then highlights controversies surrounding water projects in Bihar, because, among all natural resources, water plays a particularly significant role in the state. The concept note continues by providing details about the objectives and content of the BSEA. In addition, the Bihar industrial area development authority has a policy encouraging expansion of units that export agricultural products, medicinal plants, and outputs from food processing industries.


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    India - Bihar social and environmental analysis : concept note

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    Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building;environmental management system;environmental problem;agriculture and industry;global climate change;environmental degradation;domestic product;environmental concern;rural area;water logging;vulnerable group;delivery of water supply;Fund for Economic Development;total value of output;access to sanitation facility;water resource development project;natural drainage of floods;access to safe water;literacy rate for woman;ambient air quality standard;per capita income;landless laborer;investment climate;sugar mill;environmental challenge;Jobs in Cities;rate of growth;households with electricity;national environmental law;adverse environmental effect;loss of life;motor vehicle ownership;household level;Natural Resources;educated youth;Environmental Policy;environmental priority;surface water drainage;environmental management capabilities;drinking water source;damage to crops;lack of water;industrial point sources;strategic environmental assessment;outdoor air pollution;water quality problem;inadequate waste disposal;water quality issue;negative health impacts;indoor air pollution;domestic water supply;electric power supply;drinking water supply;environmental management program;production of vegetables;lack of knowledge;food processing industry;high yielding variety;agricultural extension service;social welfare services;transfer of information;access to food;Public Financial Management;environmental management framework;implementation of policies;environmental management capacity;management of water;control of land;Development Policy Loan;safe drinking water;wastewater disposal facility;reduction of poverty;Concept Review Meeting;investment in water;conservation of biodiversity;motor vehicle traffic;loss of biodiversity;inadequate water supply;social services delivery;net primary enrollment;immunization of child;lack of investment;impact of water;environmental management activities;fruit and vegetable;income class;Animal Husbandry;urban population;environmental damages;environmental issue;environmental consideration;water pollution;environmental requirement;private army;existing law;indian states;investment loan;Armed Conflict;interbasin transfer;material consumption;urban agglomeration;environmental condition;agricultural production;urban migration;environmental regulation;construction sector;rural economy;land area;urban construction;river bed;Population Density;Vocational Training;nonpoint source;industrial center;animal manure;river erosion;social tension;cane sugar;agricultural output;sugar industry;political figure;environmental sector;Basic Sanitation;rainy season;political alliance;traditional sector;political history;industrial wastewater;infrastructure agency;significant attention;subject area;middle class;industrial activity;diesel generator;legal framework;state election;public property;social infrastructure;future investment;donor agencies;income bracket;Fiscal policies;private ownership;consumption pattern;political culture;canal irrigation;subsurface drainage;political parties;bacterial pollution;foot rot;political party;liver fluke;dominant activity;high silt;information flow;root rot;game animal;land erosion;electoral politics;global consumption;adequate infrastructure;interagency coordination;environmental hazard;life expectancy;local expertise;environmental planning;enforcing compliance;population data;Water Management;tourism industry;local capacity;population distribution;social condition;state capital;level of policy;infrastructure area;infrastructure service;oecd countries;organizational capacity;institutional framework;alternative intervention;Electronic Waste;fiscal adjustment;Public Spending;fiscal deficit;population pressure;soil erosion;sectoral ministries;annual flooding;investment rate;private parties;environmental mitigation;bank lending;sectoral plan;environmental factor;arable land;marketing infrastructure;private party;policy revision