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Higher education in Latin America : issues of efficiency and equity : La educacion superior en America Latina : cuestiones sobre eficiencia y equidad (西班牙语)

Enrollments in Latin American universities increased tenfold in the past two decades. Government spending, however, has not kept pace with enrollment demand. Increased higher educationn enrollments have been accompanied by reduced instructional quality in many countries. Teacher salaries are too low to attract and keep scholars dedicated to full time instruction and research. At the same time, private and social returns to higher educationn have declined, and unemployment rates have increased for college graduates. External efficiency can be raised through improvements in the quality of instruction, and by providing students with the data required to make informed career choices. The benefits of higher educationn still accrue primarily to children from higher income brackets. Children from lower income homes lack the academic preparation to gain entrance to the public university. Thus lower income students are often more likely to pay for their educationn ( government financed higher education subsidies being skewed in favor of higher income families ). Generalizations about higher educationn ignore the many success stories. These include innovations to reduce instructional costs, increase cost recovery etc. These success stories can be used as models to improve efficiency and equity.

详细

  • 作者

    Winkler, Donald R.

  • 文件日期

    1994/07/01

  • 文件类型

    出版

  • 报告号

    WDP77

  • 卷号

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • 国家

    拉丁美洲,

    加勒比,

  • 地区

    拉丁美洲与加勒比海区,

  • 发布日期

    2010/07/01

  • 文件名称

    La educacion superior en America Latina : cuestiones sobre eficiencia y equidad

  • 关键词

    Access to Higher Education, Accreditation, adaptation, addition, age group, capital expenditures, career, careers, college graduates, Comparative Study, Composition, curriculum, Developing Countries, developing regions, Economic Development, Economic Growth, education budget, Education Level, education policy, Employment, employment opportunities, engineering, enrollment growth, Expenditures, External efficiency, families, federal universities, Female Enrollment, fields of study,GRADUATE EDUCATION,Graduate Students,Higher education,Higher Education Costs,Higher Education Enrollment,higher education enrollments,Higher Education Expansion,Higher Education Finance,Higher Education Institutions,higher education sector,Higher Education Spending,Human Resources,innovation,instruction,instructional services,international standards,intervention,Labor Force,labor market,Level of Education,levels of education,libraries,Local Development,mobility,Nutrition,open admission policies,open universities,open university,Papers,Primary School,Primary School Teachers,printing,Private Costs,private higher education,private sector,private universities,private university,professors,public funding,public higher education, public sector, public universities, Rates of Return, research expenditures, research universities, Scholarships, schooling, schools, secondary education,secondary school graduates,Student Enrollment,Student Loans,student participation,Teacher,Teacher salaries,teaching,technical assistance,technical institutes,Textbooks,tuition,tuition payments,unemployment,universities,university administration,university administrators,university education,university governance,university performance,Vocational Education,working students

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