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India marine fisheries : issues, opportunities and transitions for sustainable development (英语)

This study represents a collaborative initiative by the World Bank and the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, to review the marine fisheries sub-sector, within a broader sector that also includes aquaculture and inland fisheries. The policy note provides a major step forward in understanding current issues and future opportunities facing the marine fisheries sub-sector. The marine fishing sub-sector accounts for approximately one percent of national Gross Domestic Product (GDP), but forms an important component of the rural coastal economy, generating income, employment, livelihoods, and food security for an estimated 3.52 million people along the 8,118 km Indian coastline, who depend on fishing for their livelihoods. The study represents an initial analytical review of the Indian marine sub-sector with special emphasis on inshore waters, which faces the greatest challenges for management and sustainable development. The main objectives of the study were to: a) appraise the general structure, conduct and performance of the marine fisheries sub-sector in India with particular focus on the role that marine fishery plays in rural livelihoods for coastal communities; b) identify the main constraints in the marine sub-sector that are impacting on biological sustainability and economically healthy fisheries; c) draw on national and international experience to recommend alternative policy approaches and strategies to address these issues; and d) inform the Government of India during subsequent consultations with key stakeholders about long-term transformations towards better sub-sector performance.


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  • 文件名称

    India marine fisheries : issues, opportunities and transitions for sustainable development

  • 关键词

    marine fishery;Indian National Centre for Ocean;fishery management;Fisheries;international good practice;fish stock;fishery management plan;fish production;tragedy of the commons;territorial use rights;National Bank for Agriculture;monitoring and evaluation system;inefficient allocation of resource;access to common property;marine fishing;gross domestic product;water;fishing effort;global marine fishery;social and environmental;effective fishery management;open access;national policy debate;net economic benefit;point of entry;open water bodies;open access resource;marine fish stock;natural gas exploration;coastal development activities;costs of mitigation;approach to fisheries;demand for fish;global best practice;rural economic growth;management of fishery;growth and development;central government policy;piece of legislation;civil society group;fishery management system;opportunities for development;national economic growth;reform process;fishing capacity;coastal fishers;coastal communities;coastal state;fisheries department;fishery sector;inshore areas;