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China - GNP per capita (英语)

This report examines estimates of China's Gross National Product (GNP) and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita in dollars. It distinguishes between exchange-rate methods (such as the World Bank's Atlas method) and the Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) method. China's statistical system and its economy are in transition, and this report, as an interim step, presents an estimate of the anticipated impact on China's Atlas-method dollar GDP of future revision in official statistics and further reforms in China's price system. It also evaluates various academic and other unofficial approximations of China's GDP per capita by the PPP method, in order to emphasize the need, as soon as possible, for an official PPP estimate based on reliable data. The report's major conclusions are: (a) China's GDP per capita in 1992 was 470 dollars by the Atlas exchange-rate method. This 470 dollar estimate is based on unofficial adjustments to local-currency (yuan) national accounts and conversion at an average commercial exchange rate; and (b) There is no reliable PPP estimate of China's GDP.


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    China - GNP per capita

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    system of national accounts;rate of return to capital;statistical system;average rate of return;township and village enterprise;real economic growth rate;official exchange rate;gross value;commercial real estate;legal exchange rates;rates of return;relative price difference;centrally planned economy;government pricing policy;average exchange rate;purchasing power parity;weights and measure;international comparison program;real growth rate;agricultural and food;foreign direct investment;state banking system;data collection system;gdp growth rate;real national income;provision of good;emphasis on education;absolute poverty line;exchange rate regime;domestic input-output;price reform;price system;agricultural output;industrial country;secondary sources;sample survey;industrial product;market price;market pricing;dollar price;inflation data;foreign trade;foreign exchange;opportunity cost;physical indicator;official estimates;future price;industrial investment;present evidence;market-oriented economy;price adjustment;hybrid system;economic reform;farm output;industrial expansion;price surveys;participating country;expenditure account;depreciation charge;expenditure survey;product quality;statistical method;urban economy;survey data;price ratio;world market;fixed investment;agricultural sector;stateowned enterprises;raw data;industrial design;domestic price;historical influences;essential services;rural income;implicit tax;Industrial Goods;raise funds;rural good;manufactured products;early success;nontraded good;urban price;urban housing;valuation problem;capital stock;budget outlay;conversion ratio;intermediate cost;output price;gross investment;dollar value;random sample;industrial value;enterprise operation;important component;sample selection;reporting procedure;national household;grain harvest;statistical practice;Macroeconomic Statistics;Economic Policy;urban necessity;rural products;labor productivity;market economy;manufactured export;food output;labor input;personal service;decentralized market;food component;meat production;oil seed;capital movement;international agency;industrial growth;monetary transaction;postal surveys;customs activities;traded goods;expenditure component;national accounting;secondary data;special care;average price;expenditure statistic;service consumption;net effect;housing consumption;rural population;price change;consultation mission;commercial transaction;heavy industry;consumer good;consumer goods;official statistic;weighted average;Learning and Innovation Credit;higher-income countries;swap market;reform growth;poverty study;internal settlement;valuation adjustments;gross output;data reporting;government expenditure;substitute price;secondary price;benchmark survey;government purchase;enterprise sector;long life;farm activity;farm activities;rural economy;measure output;Electric Power;industrial exports;food production;currency devaluation;