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Afghanistan - Public expenditure tracking survey : education sector - synthesis report (英语)

The Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) looked at four components essential to the strengthening and development of the education sector in Afghanistan: 1) the payment of staff salaries; 2) the availability and use of an operations and maintenance (O&M) budget to support administrative teams and schools; 3) the construction of new schools through the Education Quality Improvement Program (EQUIP); and 4) the distribution of textbooks. The overall objective of the PETS is to understand the dynamics of resource flows in the education sector, to articulate a number of recommendations to improve effectiveness of this resource flow and increase the impact of reforms in the education sector in Afghanistan. This first study will focus on key aspects of resource flow: the extent to which public resources reach service-delivery points (schools); the timeliness of that delivery; the type and scale of bottlenecks and anomalies in the system that may result in delay or leakage of inputs to services; the capacity and flexibility available amongst local officials at all levels to address these bottlenecks. The report is organized as follows: section two presents an overview of the financial landscape of education in the country as well as specific profiles of the three provinces and districts where the research was carried out. Section three looks at the issues related to the payment of salaries and wages to teachers. Section four presents the factors that lead to inefficiencies in meeting the O&M needs of schools and provincial offices. Section five presents the state of completion of schools under EQUIPs and analyses the reasons that lead to these in the three provinces. Section six tracks the distribution of textbooks to provinces from the central level to the schools.


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    Afghanistan - Public expenditure tracking survey : education sector - synthesis report

  • 关键词

    Independent Directorate of Local Governance;Teachers;number of teachers;operations and maintenance;distribution of textbook;salaries and wages;payment of salary;expenditures for salaries;education curriculum;construction of school;mud brick construction;school going child;construction of building;freedom of movement;maintenance of schools;sources of fund;source of funding;school management committee;primary education school;payment of wage;acquisition of asset;impact of reforms;capacity building intervention;province level data;access to computer;national power grid;means of transportation;Construction Building;cost of education;school level;international consultant;district education;resource flow;flow chart;school completion;school building;textbook distribution;wage worker;international donor;security concern;community level;teacher ratio;decentralized level;budget execution;budget expenditure;separate budget;staff salary;winter season;salary payment;education budget;school data;budget cover;educational staff;program performance;school survey;data quality;school selection;anti-government;data handling;financial staff;financial matter;field data;gender ratio;budget forecast;contract work;informal procedure;research focus;provincial budget;public resource;contract services;data verification;administrative staff;financial information;national budget;recurrent maintenance;regular contract;accounting department;school attendance;population statistic;financial datum;monthly reports;missing documents;government system;missing data;contract worker;cultural organisation;informant interviews;district accountability;coping mechanism;Coping Mechanisms;education resource;safe area;competitive bidding;access infrastructure;school headmaster;subsistence activities;emergency repair;school maintenance;simple procedure;document verification;timely payment;political issue;school-age student;advance payment;management capacity;school size;construction capacity;field work;situation analysis;school operation;european commission;education cycle;financial resource;population size;field survey;annual expenditure;gender difference;climatic element;primary level;secondary level;female teacher;textbook procurement;school year;central agencies;delivery process;provincial administration;monitor performance;support cost;complementary tools;current expenditure;bank outlet;payment process;job satisfaction;