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Malaysia - Matching risks and rewards in a mixed economy (Vol. 2) : Selected topics (英语)

This report turns attention to the issues associated with the allocation of resources and the transformation of accumulated financial capital into an efficient and dynamic resource base. The report analyzes investment, financial intermediation, and wage setting processes which all involve risk setting at the firm and sectoral levels. Also addressed are the macroeconomic responses to external shocks. An update of macroeconomic performance and medium term prospects is provided in Volume I of the report. The analysis first retraces developments in the Fourth Malaysia Plan (1981-85) as this heralded the start of the industrial growth strategy, and then identifies several significant structural weaknesses, which were brought into full view during the recession of 1985-86. Next, the prospects for medium term growth are discussed, both from supply and demand perspectives. The last chapter contains a set of integrated policy recommendations to sustain growth. Volume II of the report contains chapters on public enterprises, public finance and employment. These chapters contain more detailed analysis on which the policy recommendations and medium term scenario in Volume I are based.


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    Selected topics

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    public investment in infrastructure;statutory bodies;public enterprise sector;public ownership;ownership of shares;palm oil price;gross capital formation;private sector enterprise;debt service capacity;free trade zone;improvements in efficiency;rates of return;availability of information;country economic memorandum;low cost housing;rate of depreciation;value added tax;machinery and equipment;measure of profitability;analysis of trends;industrial training institute;commodity price fluctuation;domestic tax base;Regional Economic Development;paid-up capital;private investment;government control;Financial Sector;government equity;property development;downward bias;corporate entity;federal government;outstanding debt;government ownership;Higher Education;statutory authority;construction industry;fixed asset;Fixed Assets;industrial base;provident fund;regression analysis;corporate sector;Extractive Industry;net borrowing;heavy industry;low rate;financial indicator;construction boom;capital issues;net profit;Capital Investments;crowding out;industrial incentive;agricultural sector;stock exchange;land development;price index;Natural Resources;long-term growth;macroeconomic environment;industrial production;international market;managerial skill;economic efficiency;government intervention;external resource;external market;transportation sector;timber processing;weighted average;accounting adjustments;petroleum sector;macroeconomic performance;public corporation;bus company;high profitability;international shipping;high share;operational efficiency;price value;Industrial Policy;Industrial Policies;manufacturing sector;mixed economy;Socialist countries;skewed distribution;sectoral composition;rubber industry;gross output;smallholder development;average share;shipping line;mining industry;foreign exchange;scarce goods;subsidy policy;implicit subsidy;tax system;financial enterprises;primary deficit;sensitivity analysis;government subsidy;government exercises;profitable sector;sectoral performance;regression results;employment adjustments;Macroeconomic Growth;fiscal burden;international competitiveness;comparative advantage;social productivity;holding company;enterprise management;plantation sector;distribution goals;public entity;public authority;employment structure;market segmentation;travel agency;investment broker;property developers;sustainable deficits;bus service;constant price;market failure;equitable distribution;natural monopolies;rural area;tin plate;industrial sector;information collection;rural community;rural industrialization;