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Malawi - Agricultural sector memorandum : strategy options in the 1990s : Overview (英语)

Malawi's agricultural sector is performing far below its potential, primarily due to deficient policies, inadequate institutional arrangements and capacities and inefficient investments. Although its performance and prospects improved significantly over the past six years as a result of the increased use of hybrid maize and expanded smallholder access to cash crops, only a small part of the population has benefitted, and unfavorable weather patterns in recent years have suppressed the potential benefits. Thus, to increase the productivity of the land and labor and expand employment and income-earning opportunities in an environmentally and economically sustainable manner, the country needs a multidimensional strategy that would use existing resources and technologies more efficiently and tap new sources of growth in a way that will also reduce poverty. The latter will require investments in physical infrastructure and human resources, which, if not developed, will constrain growth and thwart attempts to reduce poverty. To raise productivity and reduce poverty, this report focuses on six key actions necessary for growth. These include: (a) further liberalizing produce pricing and marketing policies; (b) expanding the supply of, and effective demand for, available improved seeds and fertilizers; (c) generating and disseminating a more suitable menu of improved technologies; (d) promoting the cultivation of underutilized land and improved access to land and natural resource management and conservation; (e) accelerating private sector-led diversification away from maize and tobacco; and (f) developing human resources by improving access to education, health services and population planning.


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