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The task ahead for the cities of the developing countries (英语)

Between 1975 and the year 2000 the cities of the developing countries will be expected to absorb 70 percent of the projected population increases. This paper examines the causes, magnitude, and locations of the unprecedented growth of urban areas. Cities are absorbing large numbers of people, but in an inefficient and inequitable manner. Few cities are prepared for the vast increases that are clearly foreseeable in the next two decades. Unless there are changes in national, regional, and urban policies, the growth of urban areas will not make its maximum possible contribution to social well-being. After outlining a typology of countries, the discussion focuses on the growth, size, and distribution of urban areas in developing countries; the problems of inequity and poverty in the city; and the absorptive capacity of cities. It concludes with recommendations for each of the country types established. The two main points of intervention recommended would increase the value of labour and/or upgrade the quality of labour and would improve the quantity and quality of services.

详细

  • 作者

    BEIER, G. CHURCHILL, A. COHEN, M. RENAUD, B. DED

  • 文件日期

    1975/07/31

  • 文件类型

    员工工作文件

  • 报告号

    SWP209

  • 卷号

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • 发布日期

    2010/07/12

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • 文件名称

    The task ahead for the cities of the developing countries

  • 关键词

    high rate of population growth;economies of scale in production;urban population;rural population growth rates;short period of time;institute of development studies;high level of urbanization;cost of living increases;absolute numbers of people;quality of public service;commission on population;commission population;arable land for agriculture;rural area;rural income;urban growth;large urban areas;per capita income;increase in population;provision of service;large metropolitan areas;rapid population growth;rapid urban growth;division of labor;large urban centers;natural population growth;concentration of population;movement of people;diseconomies of scale;urban growth rate;rate of innovation;urban population growth;movement of good;Rate of migration;world war i;art and science;high population growth;distribution of land;pace of urbanization;cost of employment;lack of knowledge;diffusion of innovation;agricultural land area;cost of transportation;high growth rate;urban ecological system;flow of migrants;remote rural area;determinants of migration;gas and electricity;natural resource constraint;natural resource base;degree of confidence;high income inequality;terms of trade;impact of migration;cost of development;potentially arable land;number of workers;per capita gnp;place of origin;rapid urbanization;urban income;rural-urban migration;urban sector;natural growth;rural economy;Rural Growth;absorptive capacity;urban service;small cities;world population;Natural Resources;urban agglomeration;private capital;rural base;productive activity;linear projection;population pressure;urbanization process;migration flow;agricultural output;urban economy;absolute poverty;Public Services;modern sector;economic hinterland;migratory pressures;urban settlement;net migration;territorial boundaries;institutional framework;income differential;small country;social cost;development policy;population movement;public policy;urban productivity;migration research;corrective measure;environmental problem;equilibrium situation;industrial protection;private decisions;climatic change;financial service;publishing house;social system;land price;tax revenue;positive relationship;copper mine;organizational strength;marginal impact;Population Density;rural village;social disturbance;production cost;health problem;Labor Market;income data;social structure;dramatic change;migration pattern;agricultural value;migratory flows;migrant flow;agricultural area;local input;potential migrant;cultivated area;low-income area;smaller towns;City Management;regional imbalances;urban activity;internal migration;cultural environment;urban location;rural location;education level;social term;urban drift;demographic variables;social process;national population;health characteristics;land scarcity;Birth Control;individual city;work force;absolute decline;policy prescriptions;national boundary;real income;heavily dependent;representative sample;population settlements;Rural Sector;spatial development;agricultural productivity;political characteristics;land use;demographic characteristic;regional economics;projects staff;social unrest;urban policy;poor household;national policy;population increase;overseas migration;credit policy;desert reclamation;absolute population;Credit policies;metropolitan growth;population number;empirical analysis;income change;large population;transportation investment;air transport;historical evidence;small fraction;official estimates;administrative measure;private gain;diverse environments;economic model;base period;push factor;poverty problem;open unemployment;rural productivity;industrial base;land productivity;modest increase;common sense;productive land;urban opportunity;supply cost;motive power;living space;export good;national aspiration;metropolitan region;population size;marginal change;information flow;sewer service;Sanitation Services;agglomeration economy;regional equity;empirical evidence;real wage;urban management;country population;Urban Unit

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