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China - Issues and options in greenhouse gas control : potential impacts of climate change on China (英语)

China not only exhibits great climatic variability, but is also a region sensitive to climate changes. Important agricultural areas such as the northern plain and the northeast plain are in the "fragile climate region", with frequent extreme climatic conditions and severe disasters. There are several large alluvial plains in coastal areas with lower-level topography such as the Pearl River delta, Yangtze River delta, and Yellow River delta. These are well developed industrial, agricultural, and economic areas with some of the densest population in China. These areas will be greatly affected by future climate warming and sea-level rise. The issue of global warming is of increasing concern around the world. Most scientists in the world agree that the "greenhouse effect" induced by the large emission of greenhouse gases (such as carbon dioxide, methane, chloroflourocarbons, and nitrous oxide), deforestation, and major damage to vegetation are the major causes of global warming. In this report, the impact assessment of climate change focuses on: 1) important productive sectors including agriculture, fisheries and animal husbandry; 2) terrestrial ecosystems; and 3) the effect of sea-level rise on economic development in the coastal regions. Adaptive strategies and mitigation measures are also included in this report.

详细

  • 作者

    Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing

  • 文件日期

    1994/09/30

  • 文件类型

    工作文件

  • 报告号

    15200

  • 卷号

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • 国家

    中国,

  • 地区

    东亚与太平洋区,

  • 发布日期

    2010/07/01

  • 文件名称

    China - Issues and options in greenhouse gas control : potential impacts of climate change on China

  • 关键词

    impact of climate change;Animal Husbandry;temperature increase;impact of temperature;effect of global warming;response to climate change;effect of climate change;evaporation of soil water;assessment of climate change;conservation of natural resources;increase in wind speed;average annual temperature;future climate change;surface air temperature;climate change impact;Crop;soil erosion;animal husbandry system;coastal area;amount of water;general circulation model;greenhouse gas emission;sea level rise;climate warming;impact of rainfall;green manure crop;frequency of disasters;average temperature increase;loss of farmland;concentration of c;reducing water loss;damage to crops;Drainage and Irrigation;aquatic ecological environment;increase in temperature;alternative energy supply;industrial energy efficiency;commercial energy efficiency;weights and measure;extreme climatic conditions;climate change prediction;climate impact assessment;global climate change;average annual precipitation;damage to vegetation;amount of fish;effect of temperature;sea-level rise;coastal region;crop yield;agricultural production;crop growth;temperature rise;soil moisture;temperature change;negative effect;integrated assessment;Agriculture;climatic change;agricultural area;sea water;cash crop;precipitation increase;cloud cover;nitrous oxide;crop system;climate zone;winter temperature;water availability;plant productivity;carbon dioxide;sea region;grain crop;winter wheat;adaptive strategy;double cropping;greenhouse effect;rice cultivation;triple cropping;total output;fishery production;warm climate;dry soil;single crop;industrial revolution;spring wheat;wheat crop;fish breeding;aquatic product;water pollution;inland water;rainfall increase;crop growing;high concentration;adequate food;biological study;effective water;grain production;rice field;green vegetation;plant growth;natural environment;agriculture system;farm irrigation;aquatic animal;agricultural cost;storm surge;agricultural land;plant disease;insect pest;kidney bean;snow melt;scarce resource;dry period;Water Demand;soil fertility;arid climate;Fish Farm;climate factors;natural conditions;monsoon climate;water resource;top soil;river mouth;idle land;research group;world level;irrigation method;domestic animal;hilly area;grassland area;Water Power;cropping pattern;crop production;ecological construction;erosion damage;vegetation cover;draught animal;agricultural region;quantitative research;basin area;tropical crop;valley area;crop variety;controlled condition;spray irrigation;yield increase;channel water;ph value;alkaline soil;groundwater level;production increase;Water Shortage;cereal production;fixed rate;water balance;arable land;dry matter;international expert;sectoral analysis;forestry sector;health effect;product basis;investment expense;industrial boiler;production base;private investment;breeding area;grass growth;desert grasslands;breeding animal;social output;severe drought;maximum rate;forage yield;freshwater fishery;wetland ecosystems;watershed areas;mitigation strategy;forage production;high tide;return period;mitigation measure;shallow lakes;distribution area;coastal plain;river system;basic food;geographical conditions;summer months;climatic variability;aquatic resource;large emission;agricultural output;monitoring data;global temperature;regional distribution;tibetan plateau;greenhouse-gas emissions;global environment;water consumption;semi-arid area;crop productivity;moisture content;water stress;frigid zone;precipitation decrease;precipitation change;meteorological stations;oceanic circulation;northern hemisphere;climate system;monitoring stations;productive sector;protein content;terrestrial ecosystem;severe flood;alluvial plain;socioeconomic development;meteorological data;crop plant;average yield;black soil;heat balance;fiber crop;severe weather;River basin;index number;sugar crop;paddy rice;dry area;crop varieties;wind intensity;statistical data;coarse grain

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