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Sharing Responsibility through Joint Decision Making and Implications for Intimate-Partner Violence : Evidence from 12 Sub-Saharan African Countries (英语)

Intimate partner violence affects 36 percent of women in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper examines the relationship between decision making within couples and the incidence of intimate partner violence across 12 African countries. Using the wife’s responses to survey questions, the analysis finds that compared with joint decision making, sole decision making by the husband is associated with a 3.3 percentage point higher incidence of physical intimate partner violence in the last year, while sole decision making by the wife is associated with a 10 percentage point higher incidence. Similar patterns hold for emotional and sexual violence. When the husband’s report of decision making is included in the analysis, joint decision making emerges as protective only when spouses agree that decisions are made jointly. Notably, agreement on joint decision making is associated with lower intimate partner violence than agreement on decision making by the husband. Constructs undergirding common intimate partner violence theories, namely attitudes toward violence, similarity of preferences, marital capital, and bargaining, do not explain the relationship. The results are instead consistent with joint decision making as a mechanism that allows spouses to share responsibility and mitigate conflict if the decision is later regretted.

详细

  • 作者

    Donald,Aletheia Amalia, Doss,Cheryl, Goldstein,Markus P., Gupta,Sakshi

  • 文件日期

    2021/08/30

  • 文件类型

    政策研究报告

  • 报告号

    WPS9760

  • 卷号

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • 国家

    非洲,

  • 地区

    非洲,

  • 发布日期

    2021/08/30

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • 文件名称

    Sharing Responsibility through Joint Decision Making and Implications for Intimate-Partner Violence : Evidence from 12 Sub-Saharan African Countries

  • 关键词

    intimate partner violence; process of decision making; ideal number of children; Canadian Journal of Economics; women in abusive relationships; ownership of asset; violence against woman; form of violence; shared decision making; measure of use; country fixed effect; years of schooling; family and friends; parameter of interest; food transfer program; young married women; risk management tool; voice and agency; process of negotiation; allocation of resource; Population and Development; human rights violation; public health problem; nationally representative survey; Sexual Violence; bargaining power; political science; household purchases; physical violence; Conflict Resolution; rural area; emotional violence; women's empowerment; wealth quintile; standard error; theoretical dimension; robustness check; Social Sciences; women's status; household decision; married woman; individual decision; qualitative research; qualitative data; focus group; married couple; joint product; mixed methods; development study; regression coefficient; fertility preference; explanatory variable; coefficient estimate; financial autonomy; upper bind; individual asset; low risk; legal protection; empirical relevance; saharan africa; household survey; household wealth; survey questions; systematic pattern; sexual intercourse; data availability; sample selection; household characteristic; household level; sexual abuse; refugee camp; family violence; empowering women; Domestic Abuse; household income; feminist economics; economic statistic; marital violence; womens empowerment; wife beating; in family; hiv transmission; university student; moral responsibility; public official; comparative analysis; international health; economic empowerment; violent behavior; regional estimates; health effect; alternative hypothesis; interdisciplinary study; Agrarian Reform; baseline survey; land reform; farm development; field experiment; empirical result; empirical relationship; freedom from; gender dynamic; effective prevention; global health; academic journal; social economy; social force; sexual behavior; social process; medical journal; spousal violence; interpersonal violence; wife abuse; policy priority; dominant position; negative relationship; open access; development policy; positive relationship; Research Support; emotional abuse; lifetime prevalence; food insecurity; empirical support; acceptable behavior; household resource; several countries; interdisciplinary research; management strategy; social cost; gender norm; male dominance; Cash Transfer; theoretical model

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