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Empowering women through land tenure regularization : evidence from the impact evaluation of the national program in Rwanda (英语)

Given that Rwanda is one of the most densely populated countries on the planet, pressure on land has long been considered as a serious hindrance to its development, and -by some scholars- even as one of the contributing factors to the 1994 genocide. Soon after peace was settled, Rwanda embarked on far-reaching legal and institutional changes to deal with land-related issues. In this context, the adoption of the 1999 inheritance law was a first act that aimed, among others, at eliminating traditional bias against female land ownership rights. It was followed by the 2004 land policy and its codification in the 2005 organic land law (OLL) as well as the establishment of national and local institutional structures for overall land management and administration in the country. In 2010 the Government of Rwanda (GoR) launched a nationwide land tenure regularization (LTR) program, a first time land adjudication and registration process that was imagery-based and low cost (US$ 5 per parcel).