Skip to Main Navigation

How much is the Amazon worth the state of knowledge concerning the value of preserving amazon rainforests (英语)

This paper surveys the current state of knowledge concerning the value of the Amazon rainforest, including a survey of work to date to quantify changes in economic values when the rainforest cover changes. The focus is on local and regional impacts of forest loss or protection, including both gross values of forest protection and opportunity costs of converting the forest to other uses including agriculture. Important gross value items surveyed are timber and non-timber product extraction from a sustainably maintained rainforest; local values of eco-tourism; biological resources including bio-prospecting; a range of hydrological impacts including watershed protection, hydropower production, and changes in rainfall patterns; and impacts of forest fires and their control. Mapping such values in geographical space is of high value for implementing efficient and effective (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation ) programs for protecting the remaining forest. The current data basis for such mapping is found to be quite weak and in need of improvement for all value elements.


  • 作者

    May, Peter H. Soares-Filho, Britaldo Silveira Strand, Jon

  • 文件日期


  • 文件类型


  • 报告号


  • 卷号


  • Total Volume(s)


  • 国家


  • 地区


  • 发布日期


  • Disclosure Status


  • 文件名称

    How much is the Amazon worth ? the state of knowledge concerning the value of preserving amazon rainforests

  • 关键词

    intergovernmental panel on climate change;investment need;Environment & Energy;effect of climate change;society must;Payments for Ecosystem Services;sustainable management of forest;Reducing Emissions from Deforestation;fossil fuel emission;hydroelectric power generation;effect of deforestation;land cover change;development research group;brazilian amazon;plant genetic resource;reduced impact logging;technical cooperation program;burden of proof;atmospheric co2 concentration;land use restriction;forest management plan;social and environmental;anthropogenic carbon emissions;lack of interest;supply of electricity;energy market price;electrical power generation;local forest products;forest cover change;net present value;land for agriculture;body of knowledge;national agricultural research;greenhouse gas absorption;number of tourists;water resource;state of knowledge;large scale deforestation;demand for wood;national forest;loss of forest;conversion of forest;forest carbon stock;pest control service;global carbon balance;opportunity cost;forest conversion;timber extraction;forested land;agricultural production;global value;forest preservation;traditional knowledge;tropical forest;dry season;Forest Conservation;asymmetric information;timber harvest;forest loss;regional value;forest fire;alternative use;water availability;annual production;gross value;timber operations;forest degradation;production chain;cattle ranching;water flow;hydrological impacts;natural rubber;river discharge;climate model;water balance;transactions cost;agricultural output;deforested land;atmospheric water;tropical deforestation;hydroelectric potential;forest land;private land;protected area;legal reserve;option value;sale price;endemic species;sustainable harvest;river regime;surface runoff;climate feedback;extractive activity;severe drought;hydropower production;drought events;communications infrastructure;genetic research;precipitation rate;air conditioner;soil moisture;scientific work;essential oil;land-cover change;foreign interest;surface processes;military regime;aquatic ecosystem;climate regime;water quality;fish community;unfair competition;river system;cosmetic products;terrestrial environment;nutrient transport;sediment load;regional precipitation;forest clearing;ecological impact;primary production;deforested area;river flow;net effect;atmospheric dynamics;local precipitation;land ecosystems;buffer zone;sustainable agriculture;small watershed;precipitation pattern;Child Mortality;energy shortage;hydroelectric dam;water deficit;agricultural productivity;Indigenous Peoples;forest fragmentation;land management;hydroelectric generation;dead leaf;forest revenue;installed capacity;hydroelectric complex;energy strategies;project engineer;rainfall pattern;energy generation;pasture productivity;remote region;River basin;annual crop;spatial resolution;input data;agricultural revenue;seasonal precipitation;rainy season;economic infrastructure;private company;contract enforcement;biodiversity use;biotechnology sector;natural asset;research assistance;administrative procedure;gene pool;regulatory procedure;environmental valuation;watershed protection;tax from october;intensive agriculture;tangible value;agricultural landscape;forest fragments;forest edge;hydrological model;forest fringe;technical innovation;flash flood;Property insurance;flood frequency;drought losses;settlement pattern;enforcement cost;carbon biomass;global deforestation;ecosystem goods;preservation incentives;local value;biological resource;extreme drought;atmospheric carbon;mitigation efforts;open access;Medical care;extensive deforestation;timber forest product extraction;private information;soil type;financial resource;Political Economy;valuation models;commodity production;global forest;economic valuation;geographical range;geographical space;forest restoration;riparian forests;local capacity;timber management;species conservation;fee structure;vicious cycle;fire activity;dry climate