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Public policies toward private education (英语)

This paper surveys the wide range of public policies toward private education that are found in a sample of 35 developed and developing countries. Private schools in developing countries tend to be less subsidized and less controlled than those in developed countries. The author then discusses the relative merits of using subsidies and regulations to stimulate quantity and quality of private education. The author concludes that per student subsidy, targetted at low-income students, is probably the best way to increase both quantity and access. To increase quality, the government may have to intervene with earmarked subsidies directed towards schools, together with regulations. However, these interventions have many pitfalls. The trade-offs between quality and quantity and between public and private education are discussed.

详细

  • 作者

    James, Estelle

  • 文件日期

    1987/06/30

  • 文件类型

    工作文件(编号系列)

  • 报告号

    EDT84

  • 卷号

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • 发布日期

    2012/02/15

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • 文件名称

    Public policies toward private education

  • 关键词

    Private School;advantage of economies of scale;subsidies to private school;access to higher education;price elasticity of demand;national unity and integration;private education;social value;responsiveness to consumer;school quality;absence of subsidy;expenditure per student;Private Sector Growth;degree and type;privatization and decentralization;teacher per school;problem of equity;quality and quantity;local government provision;private school teacher;barriers to mobility;community of interest;provision of book;unregistered private school;Demand For Education;literacy and numeracy;allocation of expenditure;public secondary school;redistribution of income;tax collection system;Medium of Instruction;tax exempt status;books per student;quid pro quo;factor of production;high quality education;resources for education;advanced industrial country;private sector demand;public school system;private primary school;language of instruction;higher education level;indirect subsidy;production function;secondary level;teacher salary;large subsidy;educational quality;private initiative;physical facility;non-profit organization;peer group;Social Welfare;educational sector;horizontal axis;public fund;consumer preference;government planners;safety standard;teaching method;industrial society;Teachers;degree requirement;social return;positive externality;public support;incoming student;private university;public funding;cash grant;private production;higher expenditure;government support;primary level;alternative policy;cost advantage;teacher union;central planner;policies find;government representative;negative effect;university level;factor inputs;reporting requirement;building code;import duty;government intervention;public policy;selection criterion;sector expenditure;conceptual issue;informational problem;gift tax;Property tax;Public Spending;political pressure;historical policy;external examination;government requirement;consumer interest;free market;emerging country;teacher selection;catholic school;untrained teacher;educational marketplace;equal access;political process;limited resources;driving force;private rate;private market;lifetime earnings;demand subsidy;school place;private return;effective demand;producer interest;educational goal;instructional medium;upper class;local condition;social gains;public responsibility;informed choice;government guarantee;relative weight;attending school;tax benefit;school credit;home environment;urban work;statistical technique;private value;reveal preference;tax privileges;exam system;educational level;economic model;socialist government;drop-out rate;political opposition;public system;income bracket;public regulation;scatter diagram;qualified teacher;secondary student;product variety;voucher scheme;public finance;private funding;democratic accountability;governing board;independent school;tax authorities;tax incentive;educational institution;governmental authority;private source;national interest;optimal policy;registration requirement;private institution;unaided school;catholic church;educational objective;informal arrangement;policy option;set-up cost;institutional mechanism;public domain;heavy subsidies;consumer ability;market price;educational planner;relative value;increasing costs;aggregate revenue;educational responsibility;educational value;utility function;consumer information;interest group;wages rise;admission policy;subsidy system;Public Treasury;sales tax;tax authority;Tax Abatements;job security;financial information;state policy;implicit subsidy;explicit subsidy;ranking country;economic efficiency;Guaranteed loans;component part;financial control;career prospect;test score;gross output;net effect;high spending;student subsidy;regional quota;government regulation;variable list;social control;private entrepreneur;student input;organizational activity;curriculum requirement;regression analysis;nonprofit status;financial statement;accreditation procedure;central control;catchment area

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