Skip to Main Navigation

The impact of the 1999 education reform in Poland (英语)

Increasing the share of vocational secondary schooling has been a mainstay of development policy for decades, perhaps nowhere more so than in formerly socialist countries. The transition, however, led to significant restructuring of school systems, including a declining share of vocational students. Exposing more students to a general curriculum could improve academic abilities. This paper analyzes Poland’s significant improvement in international achievement tests and the restructuring of the education system that expanded general schooling to test the hypothesis that delayed vocational streaming improves outcomes. Using propensity score matching and differences-in-differences estimates, the authors show that delayed vocationalization had a positive and significant impact on student performance on the order of one standard deviation.


  • 作者

    Jakubowski,Maciej Jan, Patrinos,Harry Anthony, Porta Pallais,Emilio Ernesto, Wisniewski,Jerzy

  • 文件日期


  • 文件类型


  • 报告号


  • 卷号


  • Total Volume(s)


  • 国家


  • 地区


  • 发布日期


  • Disclosure Status


  • 文件名称

    The impact of the 1999 education reform in Poland

  • 关键词

    Program for International Student;propensity score matching method;academically less able student;test score;vocational school student;upper secondary education;vocational secondary school;quality of education;secondary vocational school;vocational education program;books at home;general secondary school;performance of student;number of migrants;primary school follow;compulsory school age;number of pupils;student learn outcome;higher education qualification;primary school leaver;youth training program;collection of information;job training program;health insurance coverage;returns to schooling;years of schooling;vocational education system;innovative teaching method;equal educational opportunity;secondary vocational education;general secondary education;basic education system;cohort of student;performance in mathematics;level of performance;basic vocational school;curricular reform;standard error;standard deviation;reading literacy;vocational track;final exam;score distribution;production function;vocational student;entrance exam;family characteristic;parental education;school level;treatment group;comprehensive education;core curriculum;comprehensive school;multiple imputation;vocational skill;secondary level;academic track;student outcome;participating country;estimation method;survey design;sampling design;decomposition analysis;science achievement;student score;assessment framework;empirical method;school school;vocational curriculum;school career;measurement error;urban dweller;high performance;family background;internationally comparable;nursery school;missing value;skill need;family structure;