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Bhutan - Decentralized Rural Development Project (英语)

The Decentralized Rural Development Project (DRDP) for Bhutan had a satisfactory outcome with moderate risk to development outcome, and moderately satisfactory performance by both, the Bank and the borrower. The lessons learned were: (1) Project design. For a decentralized project like DRDP, in a country with considerable capacity constraints, institutional strengthening, streamlining of procedures and capacity building of staff on a regular basis have to be an integral part of the project design. It calls for a proper capacity appraisal of implementing/executing agencies. The assessment should include institutional strength, skill and knowledge, past experience in designing and implementation of similar projects, financial management and procurement system capacity, etc. (2) Implementation. While the Bank staff would be available for support, getting hands-on help and support from the experienced colleagues is a valuable source to be utilized fully. Community ownership is critical for the sustainability of project infrastructure. (3) Monitoring. It is important to create an effective monitoring and reporting system supported by a dedicated tracking system and baseline information. (4) Fiduciary. Capacity building of fiduciary staff and their familiarity with the Bank’s fiduciary requirements at the initial phases of project implementation is important. (5) Sector-specific. DRDP experience shows that for community managed small-scale interventions, it would be beneficial to include a third party monitoring of project interventions on a regular basis. (6) Important factors for the success of a project is continuity of project staff, led by an experienced project director, capacity building and training, community ownership and proactive participation in project design and implementation are important both for the Bank and the borrower.


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  • 文件名称

    Bhutan - Decentralized Rural Development Project

  • 关键词

    Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building;quality at entry;construction of farm road;economic and financial analysis;ip disbursements archived;worker health and safety;early stages of implementation;agricultural extension and research;high yielding rice variety;sustainable natural resource management;social and environment safeguard;Environmental and Social Safeguard;food crop production;cash crop production;power tiller track;quality of supervision;high yielding variety;assessment of outcome;high value crops;Exchange Rates;crop and livestock;adverse environmental impact;adequate financial resources;efficient water use;reduction in time;roads and highway;public transport service;disbursement of fund;flow of fund;environmental management framework;irrigation and drainage;absence of road;source of income;power tiller road;source income;Finance &Procurement;number of beneficiaries;Access to Education;improved food security;department of agriculture;primarily due;seed production area;adverse social impact;assessment of risk;outputs by components;national irrigation policy;water user association;impact assessment study;irrigation water allocation;Water Resource Management;farm management practice;improving market access;production of rice;capacity of farmer;loss of land;Integrated Pest Management;soil fertility management;release of fund;parcel of land;maize growing area;water management structures;loss of livelihood;irrigation scheme;irrigation channel;yield increase;extension service;walking distance;rural community;agricultural production;mitigation measure;rural population;walking time;quality seed;agricultural output;indirect beneficiary;social screening;project intervention;maize production;land loss;mule track;Agricultural Technology;irrigation infrastructure;environmental issue;anecdotal evidence;agricultural land;increased access;baseline data;internal process;road contracts;direct beneficiaries;green manure;maize variety;government system;skilled labor;community center;Investment priorities;double cropping;potato production;investment priority;transition arrangement;irrigation facility;production volume;Irrigation Rehabilitation;household income;external influence;increased rate;labor shortage;irrigation canal;production gain;production loss;extreme weather;price trend;global food;crop disease;productivity increase;research station;commercial production;grant funds;crop yield;safe places;commercial bank;good environmental;project finance;disbursement arrangement;financial system;house construction;agricultural groups;construction technology;access road;expenditure statement;building material;agriculture production;extension worker;emergency situation;existing schemes;administrative level;institutional framework;staff capacity;implementing partner;replacement rate;field survey;yield data;irrigation system;surveillance system;pest control;primary author;crop loss;farming system;field equipment;Agricultural Statistics;voluntary basis;funds flow;effective leadership;cash management;agricultural implement;food price;on-farm irrigation;commercial enterprise;dairy product;international market;job opportunity;auto mechanic;result indicator;input supply;irrigation supply;Grocery Store;job opportunities;procurement expertise;procurement delay;infrastructure planning;beneficiary survey;environmental benefit;field visits;government commitment;fiscal management;agriculture sector;investment planning;irrigation works;environmental screening;national system;community mobilization;achievement rate;Proposed Investment;safeguards compliance;donor resource;female participant;farmers group;prototype designs;suspension bridge;rice grower;existing technology;community base;female farmer;concrete road;decentralization process;fiscal decentralization;government strategy;participatory exercise;achievement level;long-term process;global knowledge;disbursement profile;effective systems;irrigation investment;transport cost;central program