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Nutrition and health programs in Latin America : targeting social expenditures : Programas de nutricion y salud en America Latina : enfoque en los gastos sociales (西班牙语)

In most countries, nutrition and health programs are the primary means of raising or maintaining the consumption of basic necessities by the poor. In both areas, a persistent failure of consumption or a lack of timely access to services can have catastrophic consequences. This report examines the targeting of nutrition and health programs to protect the poor in six Latin American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Mexico) during the economic crisis that began at the end of the 1970s and persisted through most of the first half of the 1980s. Food programs come in several varieties: general price supports, school lunch programs, mother-and-infant nutrition supplements, and acute malnutrition treatment programs. The six countries use many different methods to target nutrition programs, and the ones that have the best targeting records also tend to get the best results at the least cost.

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