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Discrimination in Latin America : an economic perspective : Discriminacion en America Latina : una perspectiva economica (西班牙语)

The chapters presented in this volume adopt a variety of these methodological tools in order to explore the extent to which discrimination against women and demographic minorities is pervasive in Latin America. In chapter two, Castillo, Petrie, and Torero present a series of experiments to understand the nature of discrimination in urban Lima, Peru. They design and apply experiments that exploit degrees of information on performance as a way to assess how personal characteristics affect how people sort into groups. Along similar lines, in chapter three, Cardenas and his research team use an experimental field approach in Colombia to better understand pro-social preferences and behavior of both individuals involved in the provision of social services (public servants) and potential beneficiaries of those services (the poor). In chapter four, Elias, Elias, and Ronconi try to understand social status and race during adolescence in Argentina. They asked high school students to select and rank ten classmates with whom they would like to form a team and use this information to construct a measure of popularity. In chapters five and six, Bravo, Sanhueza, and Urzua present two studies covering different aspects of the labor market using different methodological tools. Based on an audit study by mail, their first study attempts to detect gender, social class, and neighborhood of residence discrimination in hiring practices by Chilean fir. In a second study, they use a structural model to analyze gender differences in the Chilean labor market. In chapter seven, Soruco, Piani, and Rossi measure and analyze possible discriminatory behaviors against international emigrants and their families remaining in southern Ecuador (the city of Cuenca and the rural canton of San Fernando). Finally, in chapter eight, Gandelman, Gandelman, and Rothschild use micro data on judicial proceedings in Uruguay and present evidence that female defendants receive a more favorable treatment in courts than male defendants.

详细

  • 作者

    Nopo, Hugo Chong, Alberto Moro, Andrea

  • 文件日期

    2011/10/02

  • 文件类型

    出版

  • 报告号

    52098

  • 卷号

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • 国家

    拉丁美洲,

  • 地区

    拉丁美洲与加勒比海区,

  • 发布日期

    2012/02/13

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • 文件名称

    Discriminacion en America Latina : una perspectiva economica

  • 关键词

    Abstinence, accessibility, adolescents, Affirmative Action, Afro descendants, anecdotal evidence, biases, black, Black-White, blacks, Bulletin, Center for Development, child care, citizens, Civil Rights, classification of race, conflict, courts, Cultural Change, debate, democracy, demographic factors, demographic group, demographic groups, descent, differential outcomes, disability, Discrimination, discrimination against women, discriminatory attitudes, discriminatory behavior, discriminatory practices, dissemination, diverse population, dominant culture, Early Childhood, economic benefits, economic condition, Economic conditions, economic disadvantage, economic growth, economic power, elderly, employment discrimination, equal opportunity, Ethnic background, ethnic composition, ethnic discrimination, ethnic minorities, ethnic origin, ex-combatants, fairness, Families, family income, Family Members, Family size, Female, female workers, females, gender, gender differences, Gender Differentials, Gender Discrimination, Gender Gap, gender gaps, girls, group behavior, group inequality, group members, group membership, Heterogeneity, home, human capital, human dignity, human potential, Human Resources, human rights, human rights violations, humanity, income inequality, indigenous groups, indigenous men, indigenous peoples, indigenous population, Inequalities, Inequality of Opportunities, International Food Policy Research Institute, International Migration, Job Creation, jobs, judges, labor market, labor markets, Lack of information, Level of Education, levels of poverty, limited resources, living conditions, marginalization, Migrant, Migrants, migration status, Minorities, minority, mother, mutual respect, nationality, natural environment, Natural Resources, nutrition, physical appearance, place of residence, policy analysis, policy implications, policy makers, Policy Research, Policy Research Working Paper, population census, positive discrimination, postsecondary education, preferential treatment, prejudice, prejudices, productivity, quality education, Race, Race discrimination, Racial Bias, racial characteristics, racial classification, racial dimension, racial dimensions, racial discrimination, racial diversity, racial group, racial groups, racial stereotypes, racism, racist, racist attitudes, Remittances, respect, rural areas, School Students, Schools, scientific evidence, sea level, segregation, Sex, Sex discrimination, Sex discrimination against women, Skill Level, skin color, Social Barriers, social behavior, Social Class, Social conditions, social development, Social Discrimination, social exclusion, Social Inclusion, Social Integration, social issues, Social Origin, social programs, social sciences, social scientists, Social Security, Social Services, social status, social structure, societies, society, socioeconomic factors, socioeconomic status, State University, stereotyping, unemployment, unequal distribution, unequal treatment, United Nations, urban population, vicious cycle, victims, Vulnerability, wage discrimination, wage inequality, whites, will, woman, working population, worth, Young Age

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