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Romania - Theory of Change : Romanian National Urban Policy (英语)

Urgent global challenges such as the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, rapid digitalization and the subsequent digital divide, migratory movements, climate change, rapid changing economics, etc. have a direct and local impact on towns and cities worldwide. In this unprecedented era of increasing urbanization, and in the context of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, the Paris Agreement, the European Union (EU) green deal, and other global development agreements and frameworks, it has become clear that cities are knowledge hubs, and source of solutions to the challenges that our world is facing. Today, several European cities are at the forefront in the fight against these global challenges by advancing pioneering solutions at the level of governance and citizen engagement, climate smart actions, innovation, and creativity. The scope of the urban policy is to set the priorities for urban development in Romania, for the period 2021-2035, while offering guidance to local authorities when planning the local initiatives. The theory of change unfolds throughout the policy input report, which details: (1) the overall vision and underpinning principles for the urban areas, (2) the long-term goals, correlated with the Leipzig Charter, (3) the medium-term outcomes, connected to the specific objectives, (4) the immediate outputs of the planned measures, (5) the required institutional and legislative changes, and (6) and possible financing sources. The current document reiterates the main elements of the theory, in a synthetic manner. The aim is to ease the understanding of the strategy and to guide the future evaluations.