Ethiopia - Sustainable Land Management Project (英语)
Ratings for the Sustainable Land Management (SLM) Project for Ethiopia were as follows: outcomes were moderately satisfactory, global environmental objective (GEO) outcomes were moderately satisfactory, risk to development outcome was moderate, risk to... 更多显示
Ratings for the Sustainable Land Management (SLM) Project for Ethiopia were as follows: outcomes were moderately satisfactory, global environmental objective (GEO) outcomes were moderately satisfactory, risk to development outcome was moderate, risk to GEO outcome was moderate, Bank performance was moderately satisfactory, and Borrower performance was moderately satisfactory. Some lessons learned included: establishing and scaling up SLM can be facilitated by putting in place a programmatic approach that can deliver multiple benefits downstream despite upstream transaction costs associated with convening and aligning financing, experiences, and approaches among partners and stakeholders. SLM should be considered as an integral part of rural development strategies that can deliver livelihood opportunities and improving environmental security. The demand-driven bottom-up approach adopted under SLMP-1 is relevant for natural resources management and local development in Ethiopia's rural space. It is important to provide enhanced support in technical design and implementation and operation and maintenance (O and M) of subprojects involving road improvements and small irrigation, as well as structural and vegetative land management practices. The need to build sustainable institutions at the local level is equally important since they are crucial for delivery of service and attainment of project objectives. Implementation of the project was initially constrained by inadequate monitoring and evaluation (M and E) capacity and poor financial management and procurement capacity at the Woreda level coupled with a high staff turnover. The experience of SLMP-1 highlights the importance of enhanced recruitment procedures, appropriate incentive mechanism (working conditions, training, etc.), and harmonization of salaries and benefits among Woreda staff working on different projects. To maximize dissemination (both within Ethiopia and the Africa region), visibility and perception of project actions and results, the implementation of SLMP-1 demonstrated the importance of including, within the structure of the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), a knowledge management and communications team staffed by specialized professionals.