Ecological survey of high forests of Albania (英语)
The ecological survey focused on three groups of forests identified in preparing the government's Forestry Project. 20 forests (52,000 ha) without access roads 14 forests (15,572 ha) with access roads and 5 forests (16,700 ha) previously proposed as national... 更多显示
The ecological survey focused on three groups of forests identified in preparing the government's Forestry Project. 20 forests (52,000 ha) without access roads 14 forests (15,572 ha) with access roads and 5 forests (16,700 ha) previously proposed as national parks based on special environmental, landscape, recreational, touristic and biodiversity values. The purpose of this ecological survey is to describe the biodiversity of the 39 forests with the aim of identifying sites that are unique, representative, and in need of protection because species there are rare or threatened by exploitation, particularly in the context of forestry operations. A principal goal of the survey is to identify forests that merit some form of legal protection based on their biodiversity value. Recommendations are also made for road-building and harvesting operations in forests where such activities are deemed appropriate from a biodiversity perspective. The forests included in this survey comprise roughly 9 percent of Albania's total forest area. The 39 forest units are shared among 20 districts and belong to three of the country's four physic-geographical regions: the northern mountain region or Albanian Alps; the central mountain region; and the southern mountain region. Eight of the forests (28 percent of the study area) are in the Albanian Alps; 24 forests (54 percent) are in the central mountains; and 7 forests (18 percent) are in the southern mountains. Chapters 2 and 3 give a physical description of the surveyed forest areas, including geographical latitude and longitude, elevation range (minimum and maximum elevations), geology and geomorphology, pedology (soil conditions), inclination of slopes and valleys and their influence on forest distribution, and hydrology (streams and rivers) and its role in the forest ecosystem.