West Bank and Gaza - Water Supply and Sewage Systems Improvement Project : additional financing - environmental assessment (Vol. 2) : Environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) and environmental and social management plan (ESMP) : executive summary (英语)
Additional financing for the Water Supply and Sewage Systems Improvement Project for West Bank and Gaza will rehabilitate and reconstruct existing and damaged water and wastewater systems, and also enhance the capacity of the Coastal Municipalities Water... 更多显示
Additional financing for the Water Supply and Sewage Systems Improvement Project for West Bank and Gaza will rehabilitate and reconstruct existing and damaged water and wastewater systems, and also enhance the capacity of the Coastal Municipalities Water Utility to sustain water and wastewater services. This ESIA/ESMF is being amended to include additional financing that will help finance the cost associated with the scaling-up of project activities in response to circumstances arising during implementation. Specifically, it will finance rehabilitating water and wastewater infrastructure damaged in Gaza as a result of bombardments and ground incursions by Israeli armed forces in the period of July 5 to August 26, 2014. The additional financing is requested by the Palestinian Water Authority in consultation with the Gaza Coastal Municipal Water Authority to finance civil works, goods, consulting services, non-consulting services, training, operating costs and recurrent costs to: (i) conduct the most urgent repairs to damage water and wastewater systems in order to restore basic water and wastewater services; and (ii) restore and enhance the capacity of the CMWU to deliver these services. Overall damage to water and wastewater systems are assessed in the order of US$34 million, with the proposed operation covering approximately 40 percent of the required repairs. Environmental negative impacts include air quality, land use and transportation, agricultural resources and use, biological habitat and species, and solid waste. Social impacts include population and housing, employment and income, and future water and fairness distribution. This report includes a matrix identifying the issues, mitigation measures, responsibility for carrying out the mitigation measures, and the approximate cost estimates for the actions.