Two-name land use certificates and gender inequality : an empirical investigation for Vietnam (英语)
This brief summarizes the two-name land use certificates and gender inequality: an empirical investigation for Vietnam for the period 2003. The new 2003 land law marks an extraordinary change in the land titling policy in Vietnam. It strongly requires... 更多显示
This brief summarizes the two-name land use certificates and gender inequality: an empirical investigation for Vietnam for the period 2003. The new 2003 land law marks an extraordinary change in the land titling policy in Vietnam. It strongly requires that the names of both the husband and the wife must be stated on the land use right certificate of the land plot that they both own. This regulation not only officially recognizes the property rights of women as land is a crucial asset for every household but it also improves the position of the wife relatively compared to the husband. The author examine how the intra-couple issues change in association with having two-name land use certificates which are considered as a legally recognized proof of property rights for women. The author expect some correlation between the outcome of the two-name land titling policy and the allocation of human resources between the husband and the wife; the income gap between the husband and the wife, the investment in their sons and daughters' education; and 'bad' consumption on smoking and alcohol drinking of the husband which consumes resources without generating utility (in terms of good health). The two-name land certificates are not associated with the gap in income between the wife and spouse's personal income. The certificates increase rural couples' investment in their daughters, while urban couples decrease investment in daughters. There is no significant relationship between the two-name land certificates and male smoking or drinking. For ethnic minority women, the certificate reduces the time the wife works by about 120 hours per year, but the relationship is the opposite for Kinh (ethnic majority) women increasing work time from 40-60 hours.