Turkey - Avian Influenza and Human Pandemic Preparedness and Response (AIHP) Project : environmental management plan (英语)
Although activities of the Avian Influenza and Human Pandemic Preparedness and Response (AIHP) Project for Turkey supporting Avian Influenza (AI) prevention, preparedness and planning, and response and containment are not expected to generate significant... 更多显示
Although activities of the Avian Influenza and Human Pandemic Preparedness and Response (AIHP) Project for Turkey supporting Avian Influenza (AI) prevention, preparedness and planning, and response and containment are not expected to generate significant adverse environmental effects, they do present a moderate environmental and human health risk from inadvertent spread of the AI virus and waste management. This environmental management plan addresses the moderate adverse environmental effects of the Animal Health and Human Health Components and proposes measures to mitigate them. For these components, the EMP addresses zoonotic disease containment and waste management, that is, disposal of special waste, emissions, and materials at laboratories, and training for veterinary services workers, to include procedures for safe handling of AI materials, safe culling of infected and at-risk poultry and disposal of carcasses and infected materials while providing formal compensation for culled animals, reducing or restricting backyard poultry raising, improving the opportunity for slaughtering of layers, promoting manure management, banning backyard poultry farming in protection bands around known areas where migratory birds are prevalent, and investing in bio-security (penning animals and closing up barns) in small poultry farms. The project supports the purchase of mobile incinerators for carcass disposal; related construction and containment of disinfectants used to sanitize the equipment will adhere to the Government's and the Bank's standard requirements for construction of this nature. Key emissions from incinerator operation are odors, particulate matter, hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide, hydrocarbons, and dioxides and furans. Noise will result from incinerator operation. Also, there is a risk from the airborne release of the virus as the dead poultry are unloaded into the incinerator. The formation of harmful substances will be avoided when the incinerator operates at the designated temperatures. Burning materials made of polyvinyl chloride that could lead to harmful substances being formed will be avoided. Avoid water risks from water and disinfectants used in incineration and in transporting slaughtered poultry as well as fuel spills by training workers and containing hazardous materials. Address the inadvertent spreading of the virus during disposal of carcasses by training veterinary staff in proper handling of potentially infected materials, training farmers and poultry workers on proper burial pit construction and operation, providing quick lime, and locating burial pits to avoid contamination. Promote use of least toxic disinfectants, and prevent untreated drainage and runoff into surface or groundwater systems. Address laboratory waste management and safety.