The National Water and Sanitation Programme in South Africa : turning the "right to water" into reality : Le programme national pour l'eau et l'assainissement en Afrique du Sud : le "droit a l'eau" devient une realite (法语)
South Africa is one of the few countries in the world that formally recognize water as a human right. Its national water and sanitation program, which is one of the largest national programs in Africa, aims to deliver sustainably on that right. Both the... 更多显示
South Africa is one of the few countries in the world that formally recognize water as a human right. Its national water and sanitation program, which is one of the largest national programs in Africa, aims to deliver sustainably on that right. Both the recognition of water as a human right, and the development of the national water and sanitation program derive from the advent, in 1994, of South Africa's democratic era. At that time the country faced immense challenges relating to water supply and sanitation. The government and its development partners have been determined to tackle those problems, and to achieve major progress in water and sanitation as quickly as possible. This Field Note draws principally upon the South African Government's experiences. It describes the key elements of the national water and sanitation program, which include: 1) the policy and legislative framework within which the national program has been implemented; 2) the capital works program which, between 1994 and 2002, has provided infrastructure intended to meet the basic needs of over seven million people; 3) the 'free basic water' policy, which aims to ensure that affordability is not a barrier to access to safe water; and, 4) devolution of responsibility from the national government to local government, acting through community-based approaches. Considerable progress has indeed been achieved, especially in water. Looking to the future, the largest uncertainty relates to the financial sustainability of the free basic water policy, which depends upon the strength of the national economy.