Kazakstan - Transition of the state (Vol. 2) : Analysis (俄语)
It is necessary for the government of Kazakstan to reassess its role in the economy and social life of the country. The country inherited from its Soviet period a level of coverage in public services and infrastructures that it cannot maintain with its... 更多显示
It is necessary for the government of Kazakstan to reassess its role in the economy and social life of the country. The country inherited from its Soviet period a level of coverage in public services and infrastructures that it cannot maintain with its own resources. So far, fiscal contraction has caused a deterioration in the quality of public services. The state needs to give priority to ensuring the quality and adjusting the quantity of services supplied to meet the available funding and the specific needs of users. This report seeks to highlight how reforms in the structures of the state, in the systems of public resource management, and in key programs could facilitate this adjustment. It outlines the range of options the country should consider in its transition, and identifies the following five directions for change which should rank highest on Kazakstan's agenda: (i) the downsizing of public administrations by releasing redundant personnel; (ii) the consolidation of social sector facilities by shifting toward more outpatient and ambulatory treatment in the health sector and increasing student/teacher ratios in education; (iii) the adoption of budget management instruments aimed at selecting priorities among competing needs rather than distributing resources according to exogenously defined uses; (iv) the decentralization of government through public interventions across the country according to the priorities of local populations; and (v) the reform of civil service by creating personnel management systems which foster motivation, continuity, and professionalism in the civil service.